Samuel E. Blum

Specifically he contributed to the invention of the injection laser and to the development of light-emitting diodes. His first choice was California Institute of Technology.

The Great Depression of 1930s did not hit the family hard. He served as a meteorologist for Navy.

It was a small, self-sufficient country town, that did not have amenities such as electricity and city water. He has worked as a bus boy and a waiter in the Borscht Belt. He enrolled in Rutgers University for his undergraduate studies in 1938.

Upon finishing his graduate studies, he worked for a small paint manufacturer in California for six months. Also the family, including Blum, enjoyed music, especially classics. After Blum settled in Piscataway Township, he enrolled in Ferrer Colony and Modern School 6th grade.

The laser beam cut the cartilage with great precision. In 1981, Blum and his team were experimenting with short-pulse, ultraviolet lasers.

His favorite professor was Caspar William Rieman III, a chemistry professor. After Thanksgiving, Srinivasan brought leftover turkey on which he and Blum experimented their UV laser.

L Esperance and Dr. His father came to US in 1915 when he was 20, and the mother (Eva Blum) came in 1914 when she was 15.

Blum (born August 28, 1920, New York) is an American chemist and physicist. Yet, he could raise half of the tuition, and his father paid for the other half of the tuition.

His love for this library continued from 9th grade to his undergraduate studies and graduate studies in Rutgers University. In total, he issued 11 patents while he was working at IBM.

In addition, his father, who was an educated man in Soviet Union, encouraged Blum to pursue further studies. Samuel E.

After his graduation from Rutgers University in 1942, he was not drafted because he held a job in defense industry. List of the patents are provided below.

The family were non-observant Jews, but anti-Semitism slightly influenced Blum’s childhood. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York.

It was a small school of two rooms and two teachers. The access to books promoted his interest in academia greatly.

The exposed biological material is ablatively photodecomposed without heating or damage to the rest of the organic material. For 7th and 8th grade, he went to New Market School.

There was some legal dispute between two ophthalmic surgeons, Dr. There were two co-inventors, chemist Rangaswamy Srinivasan and physicist James Wynne.

Wood Prize from OSA(Optical Society of America) in 2004. After his retirement in 1990, Blum became a professor at Rutgers University. The family had a small farm of a few hundred chickens.

After that, he joined start up crew and started a new TNT factory in the Deer Valley, which signaled his future career as an industrial inventor. Then he requested to serve on a ship to figure out whether he wanted to be a regular Navy.

In IBM, he continued his work in semiconductor research. As part of his commission, he also went to gas warfare school in 1944.

They also received R.W. He graduated in 1944 as the number one forecaster in the class of 200 students.

His significant contribution was in the first preparation of large, single-crystal gallium arsenide of high purity and high mobility. In his senior year, he got a job at NYA (National Youth Administration), a New Deal agency which operated as part of WPA (Works Progress Administration).

For this innovation, he was inducted to the National Inventors Hall of Fame (2002) and received the R.W. He was a researcher at the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio, working for government and private companies.

Instead, Excimer lasers break chemical bonds and separate cells without damaging the tissues around them. He finished his service in 1946 and went to Rutgers University for graduate studies.

The Ferrer Colony where Blum spent most of his childhood was a community that respected freedom of children as long as they did not interfere with other people. He worked for TNT for about a year and a half.

When he got commissioned, he served as a meteorologist at Naval Air Station, Floyd Bennett, Brooklyn, New York City, at New York University as a part of Navy Weather Bureau research project on Storm Tracks of the Northern Hemisphere, and at Fleet Weather Central, Kodiak, Alaska. Along with school, Blum had jobs.

The family was politically aware but not active. The contribution of this technology to LASIK has brought 20/20 vision and freedom from eyeglasses and contact lenses to millions of people. It was luck that they discovered the use of laser beams for surgical purposes.

They even purchased a new car in 1936. Blum’s childhood can be characterized by the atmosphere of the town where he grew up and of the family. He is a member of honorary chemical society called Sigma Xi, Phi Lambda Upsilon, Electrochemical Society, and Physical Chemical Society. His most notable invention is the patent on far ultraviolet surgical and dental procedures, which provided the laser technology that is central in LASIK (Laser in Situ Keratomi-leusis) surgery.

Rubber at a TNT (Trinitrotoluene) plant in Williamsport, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Medical and dental applications include the removal of damaged or unhealthy tissue from bone, removal of skin lesions, cutting or sectioning healthy tissue, and the treatment of decayed teeth.” (The United States Patent Office Full-Text and Image Database) The technology became controversial in 1988.

In his high school senior year, he worked 25 hours a week in a grocery store and New Brunswick Book shop. They went through winters in New York City, and he went to city schools.

Excimer lasers, pulsed ultraviolet beams, do not generate heat, which is normally generated by other kinds of lasers and leaves scar tissue. He served on an aircraft carrier, the Badoing Straits (CVE 116) as a weatherman and then as a senior officer. Blum’s scientific career started after the war ended.

Either continuous wave or pulse radiation can be used, a suitable ultraviolet light source being an ArF excimer laser having an output at 193 nm. Also he was trained in naval justice school for a month to do courts martial.

In 1959, he became a physicist at IBM Research Division Thomas J. He neither played in a sports team nor was engaged in a fraternity.

Yet, that did not threaten IBM’s holding of fundamental technology. For the contribution to the development of LASIK, Blum and his co-inventors were inducted to the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2002. While his parents were not opponents of war, Blum identified himself as a pacifist.

Instead, he got commissioned in 1943 and was sent to UCLA to study meteorology. Trokel, over the first use of this technology for eye problem correction.

partly for economic opportunities and partly to avoid pogroms. After his graduation, he applied to Patrol Torpedo (PT) program of U.S.

This technology is very useful in surgery on delicate parts of the body. After that, he worked in physical chemical research at Battelle Memorial Institute, where he developed underwater piling camera for detecting deterioration and then specialized in compound semiconductors, especially GaAs.

Stephen L. He finished his elementary school education in 1934.

After Blum’s birth, the family moved to Ferrer Colony and Modern School in Piscataway Township, New Jersey, a small town of about a hundred families, and summered in a shack. Wood Prize (2004) from the OSA (Optical Society of America). Blum was born in New York in 1920.

Far-ultraviolet radiation of wavelengths less than 200 nm are used to selectively remove organic biological material, where the radiation has an energy fluence sufficiently great to cause ablative photodecomposition. He was chemistry major, which required tough curriculum.

However his mother was terminally ill, so he went to Rutgers University and commuted from his home. He was working for U.S.

Some of his education was part of his naval training. He was in ROTC for two years.

Francis A. He worked with semiconductor materials, which was his specialization until his retirement from IBM Watson Research Center in 1990.

He could only take several electives, which were physiology, biochemistry, sewage and water treatment, and music. He graduated from Rutgers University in 1942.

They were married in 1918. Navy in an effort to take more active in the war.

After the war ended, research and development industry was starting to open up, so he decided to continue his academics in a graduated school. Among his eleven patents, the patent on far ultraviolet surgical and dental procedures was a significant contribution to the development of LASIK eye surgery.

In particular, it allows reshapeing the curve of cornea without scarring and correcting vision. The abstract of the patent No. He graduated and received his Ph.D degree in 1950. During World War II, he had jobs that supported the war.

The work was about routine chemical soil analysis, which was his first job to be related to his academic field. His parents were immigrants from Ukraine who came to U.S.

He is now living in Cambridge, MA. . In 1930, when Blum became ten years old, his father received a World War I bonus, which allowed the family to build a permanent home in Piscataway Township.

4,784,135, far ultraviolet surgical and dental procedures, is like the following. “A method and apparatus are described for photoetching organic biological matter without requiring heat as the dominant etching mechanism. Besides gardening and harvesting eggs, Blum’s father worked as a printer at a law book publisher, Shepherd’s Citations in New York.

After that, he attended Roosevelt Junior High School and New Brunswick High School, from which he graduated in 1938. In 9th grade, he received a library card from Nelson Library in Rutgers University. His father was a patriotic man and served in US Army for World War I.

The school work was predominant part of his college life. He did not receive state scholarship, and the tuition was a financial burden.

In such environment, Blum grew up with a freedom of choice and sense of responsibility. He worked as a physicist for IBM for 31 years and retired in 1990.

The patent was filed in December, 1982 and was issued on November 15, 1988. Blum’s childhood was not affluent, but he made a farming life and could afford his education.